Category Research spotlight

Parenting culture and gender equality: the case of Iceland

Despite Iceland’s reputation as one of the most gender equal countries, Sunna Símonardóttir’s research suggests that parenthood is still very much equated with motherhood in the country.

Childcare in Lithuania and Belarus: How Gendered is Parenting in Eastern European Countries?

Aušra Maslauskaitė and Anja Steinbach write about their research in which they analysed parenting and childcare division among Lithuanian and Belarussian families.

Maternity leave and maternal health – do longer leaves mean better health for mothers?

Lara Bister writes about her master thesis on maternity leave lengths and maternal health in the long-run in Germany.

Multi-morbidity in the studies of mortality: how to use important information that is usually discarded

Agnieszka Fihel writes about the quality of multi-morbidity data and its importance in mortality research, based on her study of Poland.

Armed conflict and family formation: How the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict affected fertility and early marriage in Azerbaijan

With levels of political violence spiking dramatically in the last decades, addressing the consequences of armed conflict for population dynamics is of paramount importance. In this post, Orsola Torrisi presents findings from research on family formation in Azerbaijan, a country embroiled in a violent, yet mostly forgotten conflict with Armenia since the early 1990s.

Older people living alone: trends, profiles and challenges of intergenerational integration

This blog post is written by Sarmitė Mikulionienė and Gražina Rapolienė about the outcomes of ageing in Lithuania.

Family Living Arrangements and the Transition to Adulthood in Europe

Katrin Schwanitz writes about cross-national variation in transition to adulthood.

Lost in Translation: Language Segregation among Hispanics in the United States?

Over 50 million Hispanics live in the United States. One-quarter speak English and no other language, and another 40% speak English very well. The other 18 million Hispanics are split between those who speak English well (38%), not well (37%), and not at all (26%). Remarkably, we know little about where Hispanics with divergent English […]

A functional data analysis approach for forecasting age-specific population size: A case study for the United Kingdom

Han Lin Shang writes about forecasting age-specific population size based on an example of the UK. In recent decades, we have seen a considerable amount of development in the stochastic modelling and forecasting of population. Cohort component projection models are often used to model the evolution of age-specific population, and are particularly useful to highlight which […]

Inequality in adult life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries: The case of Indonesia

Nikkil Sudharsanan writes about the size and drivers of adult life expectancy disparities between socio-economic strata in Indonesia. For over 40 years, researchers have found that high socioeconomic status (SES) individuals in high-income countries live longer than individuals with low SES. Although these findings have existed for decades, interest in mortality inequality has surged in […]

ISIS violence against Yazidis in Iraq

Valeria Cetorelli writes about results of a new survey that estimates the extent of ISIS violence against Yazidis in Iraq. During the summer of 2014, ISIS subjugated the Nineveh governorate in northern Iraq, home to most of Iraq’s minority groups. These minorities were systematically targeted by ISIS in a violent campaign to ‘purify’ the region […]

Malaria importation from Africa to China driven by investment and migrant workers

Shangjie Lai writes about the role of migration in transmission routes of malaria between sub-Saharan Africa and China. The international spread of infectious diseases including Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been accelerated by increasing human mobility via air travel over recent decades. An emerging route of P. falciparum infection is from Africa to China by Chinese […]

Commitment in ‘living-apart-together’ (LAT) relationships: less is more?

Roselinde van der Wiel writes about commitment in ‘living-apart-together’ (LAT) relationships and the factors underlying this commitment. In the past decades, new relationship types have arisen that suggest that commitment is of less importance in modern, individualized societies. ‘Living apart together’ (LAT) is one such relationship type. LAT refers to longer-term, monogamous partners who consider […]

The relationship between demography and democracy

The global population is ageing and many experts predict that this will have some negative consequences for society. But in new research, we examine whether the demographic transition also has important positive consequences, including the promotion and development of democracy. In 1970, only 8 per cent of the world’s population was classified as ‘old’ (aged […]

Gendered pattern of publication in Demography?

Katharina Wolf writes about gendered authorship in demographic publication. Attaining gender equality is one of the major challenges of today’s societies. In most Western countries women have reached parity or even outperformed men in terms of higher educational attainment. This development has been accompanied by women’s greater involvement in academic research output, which is one […]

The geography of maternal health in the Sustainable Development Goal era – No woman left behind

Cori Ruktanochai presents maternal health outcomes at subnational level for five Sub Saharian African countries.

Is Airbnb changing the demographics of the most touristic neighborhoods?

Antonio López-Gay, researcher at the Center for Demographic Studies in Barcelona, looks at the relationship between tourism and population change across Barcelona neighbourhoods. Neighborhoods and touristic apartments Cities are becoming a preferred touristic destination, and they are experiencing the emergence of a new source of touristic accommodation. In addition to the general increase in the […]

Infrastructural Challenges in Maternity and Newborn Care in Rural Kenya

In this post Hildah Essendi (PhD) discusses her research on access to maternal and newborn care in two rural communities in Kenya. The efforts and commitments to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and newborn health (MDGs 4 and 5) in low and middle income countries have focused primarily on providing key […]

Women, Church and Cohabitation in medieval Norway

Markéta Ivánková introduces the changing interrelationship between female roles, cohabitation and Church’s expectations to these roles based on fiction and official documents from medieval Norway. Samboerskap, or cohabitation, is often thought of as a peculiarly modern phenomenon, associated with female emancipation and the sexual revolution, but in Norway its roots are to be found in the […]

Adding the Education Dimension: Projecting Europe’s Labour Force up to 2053 by Age, Sex and Educational Attainment

The anticipated impact of population ageing on shrinking the labour force in Europe is a growing matter of concern among policy makers. But might the impact of ageing be alleviated by expanding education?  In this post, Elke Loichinger from the Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) and the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU) addresses the […]